Today in History – The Boston Globe
In 1430, Joan of Arc was captured by the Burgundians who sold her to the English.
In 1533, the marriage of King Henry VIII of England to Catherine of Aragon was declared null and void by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer.
In 1915, Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary during World War I.
In 1934, bank robbers Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker were shot in a police ambush in Bienville Parish, Louisiana.
In 1937, industrialist and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller, founder of the Standard Oil Co. and the Rockefeller Foundation, died in Ormond Beach, Florida at the age of 97.
In 1939, the Navy submarine USS Squalus sank during a test dive off the coast of New England. Thirty-two crew and one civilian were rescued, but 26 others died; the submarine was salvaged and recommissioned as USS Sailfish.
In 1944, during World War II, Allied forces bogged down in Anzio launched a major offensive.
In 1945, Nazi official Heinrich Himmler committed suicide by biting into a cyanide capsule while in British custody in Lüneburg, Germany.
In 1967, Egypt closed the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping, an action that helped precipitate war between Israel and its Arab neighbors the following month.
In 1975, comedian Jackie “Moms” Mabley, 81, died in White Plains, NY
In 1984, Surgeon General C. Everett Koop released a report saying there was “very strong” evidence linking cigarette smoke to lung disease in non-smokers.
In 2007, President George W. Bush, speaking at the start of the US Coast Guard, described the war in Iraq as a battle between the United States and al-Qaeda and said that Osama bin Laden was in the process of to set up a terrorist cell in Iraq to strike targets in America.
In 2012, Egypt held the Arab world’s first competitive presidential election. (Islamist Mohammed Morsi was ultimately named the winner following a run-off.)
In 2016, during his visit to Asia, President Barack Obama, eager to banish the lingering shadows of the Vietnam War, lifted the US embargo on arms sales to America’s former enemy. Prosecutors have failed for the second time in their bid to hold Baltimore police responsible for the arrest and death of Freddie Gray, an officer who was acquitted in the racially charged case that sparked riots a year earlier.
In 2017, President Donald Trump issued a personal appeal for peace between Israel and the Palestinians as he wrapped up a four-day tour through the Middle East. Roger Moore, star of seven James Bond films, has died in Switzerland aged 89.
Last year, a cable car taking visitors to the top of a mountain on northern Italy’s most scenic lakes collapsed and rolled down a slope, killing 14 people. (The sole survivor, a 6-year-old boy, was the subject of a custody battle between family members in Italy and Israel; the Israeli Supreme Court ruled that he should be returned to his family in Italy.) A Ryanair plane flying from Greece to Lithuania was forced to land in Belarus so authorities could arrest a passenger, journalist Raman Pratasevich, a key enemy of authoritarian Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko. At 50, Phil Mickelson won the PGA Championship in South Carolina to become the oldest major champion in golf history. Children’s author and illustrator Eric Carle, best known for the classic “The Very Hungry Caterpillar,” has died aged 91 in Massachusetts.