Theme 47.1

The new April 2022 issue of Themelios has 229 pages of editorials, articles and book reviews. It is available for free in three formats: (1) PDF, (2) Web version and (3) Logos Bible Software.


1. Brian J. Tabb | Editorial: Wisdom and Hope in Difficult Times: Reading Revelation in 2022

Editor Brian Tabb says Revelation offers God’s people enlightened wisdom and stubborn hope in difficult times. After reflecting on the need to hear and heed Revelation’s offer of true wisdom and lasting happiness, Tabb offers three pastoral calls for a wise and hopeful life.

2. Daniel Strange | Strange Times: Caring Because It’s Not

Contributing editor Dan Strange explains that Themelios always sought to hold together the worlds of serious theological study and pastoral ministry, a confluence modeled by the late Melvin Tinker. Tinker modeled courageous encouragement and encouraging courage: he was careful because he couldn’t care less, setting an example worthy of emulation.

3. Caleb Miller | Useful distinction or quarrel over words? Conquest as “genocide” in evangelical apologetics

The language of “genocide” applied to the conquest of Canaan puts pastors, scholars and apologists in a bind. After considering four approaches, Miller advocates careful avoidance of the term, beginning by considering the specific hermeneutical, historiographical, theological, or ethical concern of a questioner or critic, rather than beginning with questions of accuracy or precision.

4. Gary L. Shultz Jr. | The Spirit in the Life of Elisha: A Glimpse of Jesus Christ and the New Covenant

In the book of Kings, Elisha is the Spirit-powered man of God who walks with God, represents God, and shows the way to covenant faithfulness by word and deed. Elisha therefore serves as a glimpse of the knowledge of God in the new covenant through the presence and power of the Holy Spirit. Shultz shows how the Spirit-led ministry of Elisha points to the Spirit-led ministry of Jesus Christ, the inauguration of the new covenant, and what it means for Jesus’ followers to live in power and the presence of the Holy Spirit.

5.Michael B. Berger | The Targums as Guides to Hebrew Syntax

The Targums were not translations for the Aramaic-speaking masses who were ignorant of Hebrew. It was more about translations/comments for a bilingual audience (Hebrew-Aramaic). The Targums retained an older understanding of the Hebrew text and protected themselves against innovations now attested in sources such as the Samaritan Pentateuch and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Shepherd explains that the Targums provided a guide for reading the Hebrew Bible in the period between the making of its purely consonantal text and the later written systems of vocalization and stress in the Masoretic text.

6. Scott D. MacDonald | Does Acts 4:23-31 support the practice of simultaneous prayer?

Simultaneous prayer – the collective practice of praying different prayers at the same time – is a worldwide phenomenon. A frequently cited text in support of the practice is Acts 4:23–31. MacDonald writes that Acts 4 provides a model for prayer, but it does not explicitly support simultaneous prayer. While simultaneous prayer could possibly find support elsewhere in Scripture, Christian communities should aspire to reflect the apostolic example of Acts 4.

7.Peter Orr | Two Types of Work: Working for the Lord and Working for the Kingdom of God

Orr explains that Paul speaks of two different types of work in Colossians – “working for the Lord” and “working for the kingdom” – and that this distinction provides a paradigm for thinking about the difference between “ministry” and “non-ministry”. work. While Paul affirms the theological and eschatological value of all work that Christians do, he nevertheless distinguishes different types of work in their relationship to the kingdom of God.

8.Geoffrey Butler | John Calvin’s Eucharistic Theology: A Pentecostal Analysis

John Calvin, known as the “Theologian of the Holy Spirit,” places strong emphasis on the activity of the Spirit in the Lord’s Supper. Pentecostal engagement with Calvin remains quite limited on this issue, despite their insistent desire to highlight the work of the Holy Spirit. Butler explains what makes Calvin’s position unique and how his solid doctrine of the Spirit’s position can help Pentecostals rediscover the sacramental roots of their own movement and contribute to the development of a truly fruitful theology of the Eucharist. the mind.

9. Paul Kjoss Helseth | Samuel Miller on the “Sanctified Judgment” of the Enlarged, Uplifted, and Strengthened Mind: Godliness, Learning, and the Right Kind of Bias

Helseth explores Samuel Miller’s understanding of the epistemological capacity of the mind that has been regenerated by the Spirit of God and sanctified by the Word of God. He argues that Miller stood squarely within the epistemological mainstream of the Reformed wing of the Augustinian tradition, contrary to the consensus of critical opinion. Helseth offers a new perspective not only on Miller’s understanding of the relationship between piety and learning, but also on the understanding of enlightened education that likely animated the founding of Princeton Theological Seminary in 1812.

10. Obbie Tyler Todd | Southern Yankees: Southern Baptist Clergy in the Northern Antebellum (1812–1861)

Baptists provide an excellent window into American identity during the pre-war period. No group better exemplifies the unity and disunity of the fledgling nation than the Baptist ministers who left their homes in the South to fill pulpits in the North. The experiences of these “Southern Yankees” represent a denomination in turmoil and a nation on the brink of political, social, and theological crisis. Todd examines the variety of ways Southern Baptists transcended sectoral divisions in the antebellum period as well as why these pastorates failed or were fraught with controversy due to slavery.

11. John Gomes | Reassessing Nicholas Wolterstorff’s Objections to Divine Simplicity

Gomes engages with Nicholas Wolterstorff’s objections to the doctrine of divine simplicity, particularly his assertion that divine simplicity brings confusions to those who attend worship. Gomes demonstrates that none of Wolterstorff’s arguments compel us to deny divine simplicity, not even his most significant liturgical criticism.

12. Richard B. Gaffin Jr. and David B. Garner | The divine and Adopted Son of God: A Response to Joshua Maurer and Ty Kieser

Gaffin and Garner respond to Joshua Maurer and Ty Kieser’s recent article, “Jesus, ‘Adopted Son of God?’ Romans 1:4, Orthodox Christology, and Concerns for a Contemporary Conclusion. Gaffin and Garner propose some clarifications and corrections, notably on their vision of the adoption of the divine Son according to his human nature, an adoption essential to the perfection of the Son in the accomplishment of the salvation applied to believers. They conclude with an important pastoral remark concerning the adoption of the Son for the adoption of believers.

Featured book reviews:

  • Gary Edward Schnittjer, Using the Old Testament in the Old Testament: A Book-by-Book Guide. Reviewed by Jared Compton.
  • Jonathan T. Pennington, Jesus the great philosopher: rediscovering the wisdom necessary for the good life. Reviewed by Alex Kirk.
  • Thomas R. Schreiner, The Joy of Hearing: A Theology of the Book of Revelation. Reviewed by Brian Tabb.
  • Kevin DeYoung, The Religious Education of John Witherspoon: Calvinism, Evangelicalism and the Scottish Enlightenment. Reviewed by Paul Helseth.
  • Stephen J. Nicols, R C. Sproul, A Life. Revised by Karin Spiecker Stetina.
  • Karen Sole, Set Free: How the Bible Exalts and Dignifies Women. Reviewed by Wendy Lin.
  • Rebecca McLaughlin, The Secular Creed: Engaging Five Contemporary Claims. Reviewed by Cyndi Logsdon.
  • Matt Rhodes, No Shortcut to Success: A Manifesto for Modern Missions. Reviewed by CJ Moore.
  • George Yancey and Ashlee Quosigk, One Faith No Longer: The Transformation of Christianity in Red and Blue America. Reviewed by Bruce Riley Ashford.

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