Archaeologists Stunned by ‘Unusual Building Material’ Found in Babylon | Sciences | New
Tower of Babel: archaeologists find brick to prove existence
The Bible contains several mysterious stories, none more than the Tower of Babel. Its existence has eluded researchers for years: while many claim that it is only metaphorical, others claim that the tower was a true service structure. According to the Bible, in Genesis 11: 1-9 the tower was built in the land of Shinar – Babylonia – some time after the great flood.
The increased interest and research have offered a handful of critical clues and evidence to the tower’s existence, including “unusual building materials” discovered on a brick that would once have been part of the tower.
The brick was commissioned by King Nebuchadnezzar II – the man who, according to the researchers, ordered the construction of the tower.
In an attempt for world supremacy in 586 BC, he stormed Jerusalem, a city 500 miles to the west, capturing its most skilled and educated citizens.
Their predicament – and how their presence in Babylon may hint at the existence of the tower – was recalled during the Smithsonian Channel documentary, “Secrets Unlocked: Tower of Babel.”
Archeology: Traces of bitumen and mortar were found on a brick from ancient Babylon
Tower of Babel: the existence of the tower has eluded researchers for years
It is believed that when these people were brought to Babylon – located in modern Iraq they were turned into slaves: forced to work and held captive.
Some experts believe that these captive Jews witnessed the construction of the tower and were at first fascinated, but soon saw the structure as a symbol of their oppression.
Dr Irving Finkel of the British Museum said: “When you look at the early chapters of the Bible, it is clear that some of them are taken from the Judeans’ own records, and others incorporate stories they must have. meet for the first time in Babylon, which were so powerful and striking that the authors, the philosophers who worked on the Hebrew texts, incorporated them to tell their own story. “
The narrator of the documentary noted, “There is a compelling clue in the story that supports a theory that Jewish slaves witnessed the construction of the tower while in captivity. “
Presenting an original Babylonian brick, found in present-day Iraq, they continued: “It bears traces of an unusual building material of the time: bitumen, an ancient tar and mortar that is specifically mentioned in the biblical account.
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Researchers know that Nebuchadnezzar ordered the brick because there is an inscription stamped with his name on the front.
The edge of the brick is covered with a cloudy black: it is bitumen.
Dr Finkel said: “In the book of Genesis it literally says that they use brick for stone and bitumen for mortar; it is expressly said there.
“What we have here is a brick and its bitumen that fit exactly into this particular context.
“There is no doubt that the stimulus of the story and of the narrative must have taken shape during the Babylonian exile.”
The evidence could help prove the existence of the Tower of Babel, its story written by a “desperate population in exile held captive by a ruthless king.”
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Ancient brick: The brick was commissioned by King Nebuchadnezzar II
Bitumen: Dr Irving Finkel shows bitumen along the edge of the brick
Based on the research and findings of Dr Finkel, the narrator said: “The destruction of the tower was their [the captives] way of rewriting history – this is fiction rooted in truth. “
Aside from the tower, the exact location of Babylon has also been a point of contention.
Many claim that the ancient city was within the borders of modern Iraq.
But, others say it was elsewhere in the Middle East.
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Writing for ‘Answers in Genesis’, Anne Habermehl argued that historical, geographic and geological analysis “shows that Shinar may not have been in the south, but rather was territory in what is now the northeast. of Syria “.
She added: “The Tower of Babel was most likely built in the triangle of the Khabur River in northern Syria, somewhere inside a triangle marked at its points by Tell Brak, and could not have been be located nowhere in southern Mesopotamia, as is traditionally believed.
“We may still find the actual site of the Tower of Babel, but this will require additional research as well as archaeological excavation on site. “
Regardless, the overwhelming majority of research and historical literature suggests that Babylon was located approximately 60 miles south of Baghdad.
Babylon: It is widely believed that the ancient city was located in present-day Iraq
The city served for nearly two millennia as a center of Mesopotamian civilization.
Babylon was also home to another feat of engineering believed to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World: the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
They have acquired legendary status, described as resembling a large green mountain with an ascending series of multi-level gardens containing a wide variety of trees, shrubs and vines.
According to a legend, the Hanging Gardens were also built by King Nebuchadnezzar next to a palace known as the Wonder of Mankind.
As with the Tower of Babel, we do not yet know if the Hanging Gardens really existed or where they were.